[Translate to Englisch:] Fragezeichen
[Translate to Englisch:] Fragezeichen © CC0 bearbeitet HH Uni KN

How does modern occupational safety work?

Introduction to the basics of risk assessments

Work processes at a workplace are complex. In most cases, we are not aware of which activities involve hazards with which work equipment at which time and in which location. We carry out our activities routinely, so what should happen?


To answer this question, a risk assessment follows a predefined scheme. Strictly speaking, each individual activity with different processes and work equipment at different workplaces is separated into individual sub-steps and a close look is taken at what can go wrong. As I said: "Strictly speaking". However, this is not always practicable.

Possible hazards are identified as part of a risk assessment and measures to protect employees are derived from this. As safety engineers, we are happy to advise our supervisors in this regard.

On the following pages you will find out what exactly a risk assessment is and how to proceed when preparing it.


What is a risk assessment?

and how do you do that?


Risk analysis

What hazards arise in your area and to what extent? This must first be determined or analysed.


Risk factors

Noise, heat and cold, sharp edges, falling from a scaffold... these are risk factors.


Risk evaluation

What is the risk of a hazard leading to an accident? Find out more about the severity of the damage and its probability of occurrence.


Hierarchy of measures

What measures can be taken to prevent or reduce the occurrence of accidents, i.e. the effectiveness of a hazard? Why is there a hierarchy of measures?