Physics – Bachelor of Science


Undergraduate study programme leading to a first degree and providing qualifications and skills for future employment.

Physics is the foundation of all the other natural sciences. Physical phenomena are applied in all areas ranging from medicine to mechanical engineering. As a physicist you will investigate fundamental phenomena in nature across all length and time scales ranging from elementary particles to nanostructures and astronomical occurrences. You will observe and quantitatively describe these phenomena. Wherever possible, you will transfer your knowledge to other fields or use it to come up with technological innovations. In this respect, the interplay between theories and experimental findings constantly sparks further developments and helps to transcend current borders in the physical sciences.
Our Bachelor's Programme in Physics creates a broad foundation either for deepening your experience in physics or for specialising in fields close to physics, e.g. nanotechnology. In contrast to many other universities, experimental and theoretical physics are taught together in integrated courses at Konstanz, and teaching contents are optimally aligned and interlinked with the internships. The foundations in physics are complemented by courses in mathematics and a broad spectrum of minor subjects (e.g. from the areas of information technology, biology, chemistry, economics, philosophy) which enable you to develop an individual emphasis beyond physics. You will complete your bachelor's thesis on a topic from current research in a departmental working group or at another research facility in Germany or abroad. Specialist areas of research in the Department of Physics include condensed matter (e.g. solid-state and surface physics), soft matter, nanophysics, photonics and nonlinear optics, statistical physics, computer physics, photovoltaics and quantum physics.


DegreeBachelor of Science
Programme startWinter semester
Period of study6 semesters
Application period14.5. - 15.9.
Admission restrictionsno
Obligatory minor subjectno
⌀ Number of students:80

Why study Physics at Konstanz?

  • Our teachers provide a special mentoring programme at the start of your studies
  • Open-door policy: flexible office hours and individual supervision
  • Special support for students – by students for students (e.g. physics workshop)
  • Seminars and tutorials in small groups, intense supervision
  • New paths in teaching, e.g. integrated courses with optimally aligned teaching contents
  • Additional course options in areas such as the scientific use of computers, programming, or electronic and control technology
  • A broad range of minor subject options
  • Numerous contacts with research centres in Germany and abroad so you can, for instance, complete an external bachelor thesis at a national or international institute



Prospects and opportunities

Career prospects

  • Basic and industrial research
  • Teaching in schools and higher education
  • Software industry
  • Consulting, financial sector
  • Automobile sector, chemistry, electrical engineering, photonics
  • Medical technology, mechanical engineering, engineering offices

Students who are opting for a career in science, research and teaching will continue with a master’s programme and can then aim towards gaining a doctorate.

You can find out more about career entry in the interview series #dreamjob - Starting a career. Alumni of the University of Konstanz report on their very personal career entry.

Graduate studies

To qualify further the University of Konstanz offers the Master’s Programme in Physics.

Programme structure

Programme start

Winter semester

Academic structure

The bachelor's programme consists of 4 semesters basic studies and 2 semesters advanced studies (including bachelor's thesis). The programme has a modular structure. It consists of basic and advanced modules in the department of physics as well as basic modules in mathematics and minor subjects. You will be able to gain practical experience in the laboratory especially during the internships in your early and advanced study phases. You can choose between 2 directions of study which differ in the types and amounts of mathematics and minor subject modules:

  • Option 1 (mathematical orientation) This direction of study focuses not only on your education in physics but also on mathematics. You will attend the same lectures in mathematics as the students studying for the bachelor's degree in mathematics, and you will complete more performance assessments in mathematics than in Option 2. At the same time the proportion of other minor subjects is smaller than in Option 2. You will usually attend 2 lectures in these minors.
  • Option 2: applied orientation If you choose this direction of study you will attend lectures in mathematics which are specially tailored to the needs of physics. However, this does not mean that they are less demanding than in Option 1, but the proportion of mathematics here is slightly smaller than in Option 1, and you will attend around 4 more lectures in other minor subjects.

Minor subjects:
You can choose minor subjects from these areas: mathematics, computer science, chemistry, biology, business economics, economics, philosophy.

Additional information about the programme structure is available at the Exam regulations (in German).

Internship and study abroad


An internship outside the university is not mandatory, but always highly recommended. Your department or our Career Service are here to help you find a suitable placement.

Study abroad

A period of study abroad is always highly recommendable. The university promotes study abroad via Erasmus+ and other exchange programmes.


What interests and skills should I have?

  • Good knowledge of the natural sciences and mathematics
  • Analytical thinking and practical skills
  • Good English skills

Language skills

Foreign language skills
You do not have to proof any foreign language skills for the bachelor's programme. However, as large parts of the research literature are written in English, good English skills are highly recommended.

German language skills
International applicants need documentation of their German language skills, level DSH-1 or TestDaF 3. Alternatively, other language tests or school certificates recognized as equivalent can be used as proof of the required German language skills. The University of Konstanz does not offer preparatory German language courses or approved German language exams. For this reason, you must submit accredited proof of your German language skills along with your application.

Language(s) of instruction

The language mainly used in class is German.

Admission requirements

General higher education entrance qualification (Abitur) or equivalent.

Documentation Orientation Test
When applying for admission at universities in the state of Baden-Württemberg you have to take an orientation test. The Baden-Württemberg orientation test is the most widely used test. Please send in your certificate of participation together with your application papers.


Semester fee

All students enrolled at the University of Konstanz are charged a semester fee each semester, similar to all other German universities. Here you can find the current semester fee and its individual components.

Tuition fees for first degree studies for some international students
Beginning in the winter semester 2017/18, the state of Baden-Württemberg will require some international students to pay university tuition fees for their first degree studies. The following will generally not be required to pay tuition fees: citizens of a country within the European Union (EU) or the European Economic Area (EEA), doctoral students and certain 'Bildungsinländer' (international students with German Abitur). You can find more detailed information here.

Tuition fees for second degree studies for all students
All students will be required to pay tuition fees for their second degree studies starting in the winter semester 2017/18, too. You can find more detailed information here.

Once a year, the University of Konstanz grants exemptions to a limited number of particularly gifted international degree-seeking students in accordance with the Begabtenbefreiuungssatzung (statutes governing the exemption of gifted students). You can find more detailed information here.

Application and application documents

This study programme has no admission restrictions.

An application is possible during the following period: 14.5. - 15.9. (winter semester). There may be other deadlines if you are applying for admission to a higher semester (for instance, if you are changing subjects or universities). For more information please consult the university website.

Application documents

You will find an overview of the required application documents in your application for admission, which you will receive at the end of your online application.