Visiting Fellows

In 2022, the Zukunftskolleg has established research fellowships for early career researchers in Ukraine threatened by the current war (“scholars at risk”).
Visiting Fellowships are awarded on a rolling basis after a fast selection process. The Cluster "Politics of Inequality" supports our endeavour by funding two Visiting Fellowships.

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Hanna Klipkova

Politics and Public Administration

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Visiting Fellow since 05/2022

funded by the Cluster "Politics of Inequality"

Affiliated with the Department of Politics and Public Administration

Assistant Professor in the Department of International Relations, International Information and Security at Kharkiv Karazin National University

Project: The Impact of the War on State-Institutional Building Processes in Ukraine

The Russian invasion in February 2022 brought up new challenges for researchers of Post-Soviet states. One could consider the post-soviet state as a specific type of state, which could not be described just as a transition stage from the authoritarian regime to the democratic one. We offer to consider the post-soviet state as a self-sufficient phenomenon and research instrument for trajectories of political regimes and state institutions. The post-soviet state can be described as a stable constellation of formal and informal state and political institutes. Instead of being a temporary frame for describing transition, the post-soviet state turned out to be a new relatively sustained type of state with its own governing techniques arsenal. More than 30 years of state-building in Ukraine like in other post-soviet countries seems to brought unsuccessful results. Democracy, sovereignty and the whole political system outcomes were qualified in terms of neopatrimonialism (Fisun 2016, Hale 2016) and were explained with low quality of the institutional system. The lack of mature and legitimate institutions for the circulation of elites, institutional imbalances in the state power system and undeveloped party system led to structural defects in the political governance and to inversions of its political transformation.
Post-soviet type of state is characterized by emerging of soviet and western liberal state systems. The socialist legacy remained partly destroyed while the new liberal economy and state models were not implemented completely. This symbiosis created a specific destructive, but viable state-institutional system. In its core lies neopatrimonial nature with rent-seeking behavior of elites, the emergence of authorities and business groups, using the state capacity in private interests and patron-client networks as the dominant principle of political market organization. Neopatrimonialism can be considered as a state capture problem, privatization of the public policy sphere. There is a dominance of informal institutions hidden behind the facades of formal but incapable institutions.
When it comes to further post-conflict reconstruction, there is no doubt that the war will make a strong influence on the nation-building process. Ukrainian society demonstrates nowadays a new level of consolidation. All social and political cleavages get the chance to be fixed by the powerful rise of national unity.
The theory tells us that the war can create a state and support nation-building processes. One has an opportunity to trace this hypothesis. It seemed to be impossible in the XXI century, but the crisis of the world security system brought it back to the central point of the political discourse. History demonstrates that large-scale wars can enhance or even create nations. And for the political scientists the cornerstone question will be if Ukraine is able to build a capable political-institutional system after the war? Will it go by the afghan failed-state scenario or it will give us a chance to use the war in terms of the tillian perspective as the state-making driver? It will be the main post-conflict challenge for Ukrainian statehood.
The purpose of her research is to define possible trajectories of state-institutional system building after the greatest bifurcation point for the Ukrainian nation. There is а chance to rebuild the Ukrainian state on the new principles and to change the “path dependence” trap (Mahoney 2000). So the most crucial point for Ukrainian state after the war will be how can Ukraine improve the quality of governance and avoid further corrosion of state capacity.

Anatolii Koval

Philosophy

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Visiting Fellow from 09/2022

Affiliated with the Department of Philosophy

Teacher at the Lviv Polytechnic National University, Ukraine

Project: Study of types of intelligence. New challenges for the intellect during the war in Ukraine

This project is aimed at the study of intelligence (starting from the theory of multiple intelligences of G. Gardner), ways of adaptation of a person in his professional and personal life, especially in stressful conditions (such as war).
In this project, Anatolii would like to delve deeper into not only Gardner's concept but also other authors and theories of intelligence (Craig Adams, Ian J. Deary, Mark M. Lowenthal, R. Keith Sawyer, Vera John-Steiner, Seana Moran, Robert J Sternberg, David Henry Feldman and others) and use their researches for his goals. This research will be useful for preparing children and students for the right choice of their main activity (profession) and to reconcile this activity with their type of intelligence. So, to assume, his goal is to create a seminar for teachers, which would be based on current advances in the study of intelligence and its types. He is planning to present this seminar to Ukrainian teachers and pedagogs. This will help them better understand themselves and their students, to be more effective, especially in such a difficult time.

Yeliena Kovalska

History and Sociology

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Visiting Fellow since 06/2022

Affiliated with the Department of History and Sociology

Assistant at the Department of Methodology and Methods of Sociological Research, Faculty of Sociology, Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv

Project: Use of factorial design to determine the significance of Personal social status characteristics (according to the Adapted for Ukraine Warner’s Status Characteristics Index)

Methodological principles of the factorial design method (FD) were described by German sociologists Katrin Auspung and Thomas Hinz. In “Factorial Survey Experiments” (2015),  FD method allows us to find both common social principles of judgments and differences of subgroups. Thus, it is intended for a deeper understanding of the principles of judgments of respondents.

The combination of the potential of the FD with the possibilities of social status measuring methods have perspective cognitive potential. Operationalization of social status in terms of FD providet according to Adapted for Ukraine Warner’s Status Characteristics Index. Ukrainian sociologist Yeliena Kovalska adapted W. Warner's index to the conditions of modern empirical research in Ukraine on the example of Kyiv. It consists a wide range of characteristics, but also is calculated by a formula that measures the individual weight of each component. These weights were proposed based on an expert survey, but it should be verified on national survey to measure the significance of the subjective social status characteristics.

All of characteristics of Adapted index can be redesign to factors and scales can be redesign to levels. The method of factorial research assumes the presence in the questionnaire of one or a set of specific questions, which are called "vignettes" and in which a certain situation is formulated, from which the respondent needs to find a way out. As part of our work, we will create vignettes based on the above factors and levels of the adapted Warner index (located in Kyiv). After the sample of vignettes is formed, they should be distributed among the survey participants. There are many different ways to accomplish this, but we will use the R statistical environment. As method we would use web research (using LimeSurvey).

Yaroslava Muravetska

Literature

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Visiting Fellow since 04/2022

Affiliated with the Department of Literature

Junior researcher in the Department of Theory of Literature, Taras Shevchenko Institute of Literature of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine

Project: Cultural practices of anti-Soviet struggle

One of the fronts of Russia's war against Ukraine is ideological, which is largely related to the propaganda of the mythologized past of the Soviet Union. In fact, this discourse is based on opposite theses: on the one hand, the Soviet Union is interpreted as a union of fraternal nations, on the other –  the supremacy of Russia is asserted. Consequently, the collapse of the Soviet Union is interpreted as a tragedy of the separation of the Ukrainian nation from Russia, and not as the liberation of Ukraine from occupation. Thus, Russia's attack on Ukraine is interpreted as a war of «fraternal nations». Therefore the purpose of this report is, first, to record the fact of the Ukrainian nation's struggle against the Soviet Union (using the information leaflets of the Anti-Bolshevik Bloc of Nations as an example), and secondly, the interpretation and analysis of narratives of the ABN ideology. In particular, to debunk the myth of «fraternal nations» and outline the imperial essence of both the Soviet Union and Russia.

ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0408-0389

Tetyana Nikolaychuk

Economics

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Visiting Fellow since 04/2022

Affiliated with the Department of Economics

Junior research fellow in Department of Economic Regulation and Management, Institute of Economic & Ecological Research of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine

Project: Post-war sustainable development in Ukraine: Innovative economic and environmental activities. (Cybernetic planning and chess-business modeling: new rules, new tools)

The military the Russian invasion in Ukraine have led to numerous transformations in the social, economic, political, ecological and regulatory field. The formation of effective economic key drivers’ postwar period is the key to restoring the institutions of civil society and market economy of Ukraine. The invasion means destruction of existing markets, business collaborations and the formation of new vectors of military and civilian activities.
The issues of the study are to consider the economic and organizational feasibility and profitability of post war market. Chess business modeling will be able to find the most available business ways for entities and side effect for society and environment. Chess business modeling also could be used as a tool dealing with institutional traps.
The study is conducted in order to identify the main possible milestones related to the implementation of economic and environmental  reform in the context of decentralization in the post war period

ORCID ID: http://orcid.org/0000-0001-6268-7723

Google Scholar: https://scholar.google.com/citations?view_op=list_works&hl=uk&user=nr7SaXYAAAAJ

Kateryna Osadcha

Computer and Information Science

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Visiting Fellow from 09/2022

Affiliated with the Department of Computer and Information Science

DSc, Professor, Department of Computer Science and Cybernetics, Bogdan Khmelnitsky Melitopol state pedagogical university, Melitopol, Ukraine.

Project: Blended learning in an adaptive system for individualization and personalization of professional training of future professionals

The rapid change of information technologies, the emergence of new means of distance learning require their rapid mastery in order to improve the quality of education. At the same time, in Ukraine, the informing of educators and determining the actions of educational institutions about conducting an educational process in conditions of pandemics, quarantine and war was not sufficiently timely.
Currently, the Ukrainian educational system in such an emergency situation as Russia's military aggression on the territory of Ukraine, requires the solution of many issues related to the organization of the educational process both in the occupied territories and during hostilities and emigration of some students abroad. Such experience is not covered in many scientific papers.
Thus, the solution of the issues of effective organization of the educational process by means of information technologies for the organization of blended or distance learning today acquires new significance, and hence scientific substantiation and practical solution.

Svitlana Podplota

Philosophy

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Visiting Fellow since 06/2022

Affiliated with the Department of Philosophy

Senior lecturer at the Department of the Preschool Education and Social Work, Bogdan Khmelnytsky Melitopol State Pedagogical University, Melitopol, Ukraine

Project: Peer Tutoring in Higher Education Institutions

Peer tutoring is learning and consultation among equals. Today peer tutoring is common in many Universities and is becoming even more important especially at German Universities. As opposed to rather classic situations in a university context in Ukraine where both learning and consultation take place between students and professors, peer tutoring creates an environment that does not involve an imbalance in power and authority.
Peer tutors are no replacement professors but rather initiate and encourage their fellow students to reflect on their learning process and problems through the use of moderating and consulting techniques.
For successful peer tutoring in Ukraine it is vital that peer tutors go through a qualified training. An increased popularity of peer-assisted learning has caused a growing interest in taking a closer look into how student tutors are trained to handle the task. My future study will provide an overview of the tutor training strategies at different faculties in Germany. I am going to study professional training programs in Germany that focuses on both theoretical and practical aspects of the work of a peer tutor. My study will also attempt to investigate the concept of peer tutoring and its impact on learning.

Bohdan Shumylovych

History and Sociology

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Visiting Fellow since 05/2022 (currently only digitally affiliated)

Affiliated with the Department of History and Sociology

Lecturer at the Department of Cultural Studies of the Ukrainian Catholic University (L’viv)

Project: Healing the socialist body: The Ukrainian broadcasts of Anatoly Kashpirovskii

On March 31, 1988, Soviet television introduced the media bridge between Moscow and Kyiv with the popular television program "Vzgliad". This program, which had an experimental character in the spirit of Perestroika, showed amazing surgery, which aimed to improve the health of Soviet people by the means of media. A Ukrainian physician, Anatolii Kashpirovskii, performed through a TV-bridge remote drug-free anaesthesia from Moscow while a surgeon made operation in Kyiv. In 1989 Kashpirovskii delivered six programs of the so-called televised healings and soon after media therapeutic broadcasts were stopped. The case of Kashpirovskii and televised surgeries, followed by the repetitive mass TV hypnosis sessions in 1989, exposed several aspects of late Soviet history: late détente, televisual experiments, media bridges, and perception of the socialist body. My talk explores Ukrainian broadcasts of 1989 and how they were perceived by both common people, media professionals, and medical circles. Late Soviet television shaped by these broadcasts specific “unimaginative imagination,” which I will address.

Andrii Zhorniak

Politics and Public Administration

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Visiting Fellow since 06/2022

funded by the Cluster "Politics of Inequality"

Affiliated with the Department of Politics and Public Administration

Lecturer at the Department of the Public Management and Administration, Dmytro Motornyi Tavria State Agrotechnological University, Melitopol, Ukraine

Project: The Influence of the Authorities in the Integration of People with Disabilities in Germany

There is an urgent need for further implementation in Ukrainian legislation of international standards to ensure the integration of persons with disabilities in the context of current globalization challenges and strengthening European integration processes in Ukraine. The scientific significance of the study is in the development of conceptual provisions and practical recommendations for improving the activities of local governments in the field of social integration of persons with disabilities in Ukraine.
The aim of the study is to analyze the legislative support of state policy on persons with disabilities in Germany; to substantiate the institutional capacity of interaction between local self-government bodies and civil society institutions on issues of social integration of persons with disabilities; to consider modern international standards for ensuring the social integration of persons with disabilities; on the basis of the analysis of various scientific sources to determine the features of the implementation of German state policy on the research topic, to update ideas and experiences for Ukraine.