Last revision:
Nov. 23, 2017 © by Georg Lind

 

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The Moral Competence Test (MCT)
as an N=1 Experiment

   

The MCT has been constructed on the basis of Lind´s Dual Aspect Theory of moral judgment and development to assess subjects' moral judgment competence. Though it is based on Lawrence Kohlberg´s (e.g., 1964, p. 425) concept of moral (judgment) competence, the MCT employs a different psychological and psychometric theory. For more details on Lind´s theory, the MCT and guidelines to establish cross-cultural validity of translated versions as well as for the administration of the MCT for non-standard groups of participants, please visit this web-site: http//www.uni-konstanz.de/ag-moral/ and Lind (2008).

The MCT is designed as a 3-factorial multivariate, N=1 experiment, with one of the variates being a moral task (see the literature quoted on this web-site for more details). The task is to rate arguments according to their moral quality (stae) rather than to other aspects (like opinion agreement) in the face of counter-argument. The main index of the MCT, the C-score, reflects the degree to which the subjects are able to cope with this task.

Calculating C-scores for tests that do not contain a moral task, is not meaningful, whatsoever.

Being an "Experimental Questionnaire," the MCT has been constructed on the basis of an elaborated psychological theory, and validated against several psychological criteria. These criteria are more rigorous than conventional criteria of test analysis and allow for rigorous checks on the cross-cultural validity of translated versions. Purely empirical criteria, as mostly used in psychological test construction, like "reliability," "internal consistency," and test-test-correlations or empirical "validity" are not applicable. ... more.

   

Experimental Design

- Standard Version -

Independent Variables:
Stage of Quality of (1) Moral Reasoning, (2) Pro versus Contra, and (3) Dilemma-Type

= 6 x 2 x 2 Orthogonal Experimental Design

Dependent Variable:
Rating of Argument from -4 ("I strongly reject") to +4 ("I strongly accept")



Factor 3 Workers' Dilemma (Theft) Doctor's Dilemma (Mercy Killing)
Factor 1 Factor 2 Pro-Arguments Contra-Arguments Pro-Arguments Contra-Arguments

Moral
Stage

1
-4 -3 -2 -1 0 +1 +2 +3 +4 -4 -3 -2 -1 0 +1 +2 +3 +4 -4 -3 -2 -1 0 +1 +2 +3 +4 -4 -3 -2 -1 0 +1 +2 +3 +4
2
-4 -3 -2 -1 0 +1 +2 +3 +4 -4 -3 -2 -1 0 +1 +2 +3 +4 -4 -3 -2 -1 0 +1 +2 +3 +4 -4 -3 -2 -1 0 +1 +2 +3 +4
3
-4 -3 -2 -1 0 +1 +2 +3 +4 -4 -3 -2 -1 0 +1 +2 +3 +4 -4 -3 -2 -1 0 +1 +2 +3 +4 -4 -3 -2 -1 0 +1 +2 +3 +4
4
-4 -3 -2 -1 0 +1 +2 +3 +4 -4 -3 -2 -1 0 +1 +2 +3 +4 -4 -3 -2 -1 0 +1 +2 +3 +4 -4 -3 -2 -1 0 +1 +2 +3 +4
5
-4 -3 -2 -1 0 +1 +2 +3 +4 -4 -3 -2 -1 0 +1 +2 +3 +4 -4 -3 -2 -1 0 +1 +2 +3 +4 -4 -3 -2 -1 0 +1 +2 +3 +4
6
-4 -3 -2 -1 0 +1 +2 +3 +4 -4 -3 -2 -1 0 +1 +2 +3 +4 -4 -3 -2 -1 0 +1 +2 +3 +4 -4 -3 -2 -1 0 +1 +2 +3 +4

C-Score = SS (Moral Stage) / SS (total) * 100 ... more. -> Scoring sheet.