Konstanzer Methode der Dilemma-Diskussion

(Konstanz Method of Dilemma Discussion; KMDD)

Last revision: 25.12.2015
(c) Copyright by Georg Lind

Home / Courses

Registration of the "KMDD" as mark


SOCRATES: And does any one desire to be miserable and ill-fated?

MENO: I should say not, Socrates.

SOCRATES: But if there is no one who desires to be miserable, there is no one, Meno, who desires evil; for what is misery but the desire and possession of evil?

MENO: That appears to be the truth, Socrates, and I admit that nobody desires evil.

SOCRATES: And yet, were you not saying just now that virtue is the desire and power of attaining good?

MENO: Yes, I did say so.

SOCRATES: But if this be affirmed, then the desire of the good is common to all, and one man is no better than another in that respect?

MENO: True.

SOCRATES: And if one man is not better than another in desiring the good, he must be better in the power of attaining it?

MENO: Exactly.

Source: Excerpt from Plato: Meno; Project Gutenberg.


Moral competence is the ability to narrow the mostly wide gap between our moral ideals and our behavior. More specifically it is the ability to solve conflicts and problems on the basis of moral ideals, yet not through violence, deceit and power, but through thinking and discussion. This ability is the very prerequisite of living together in a democracy. Wheras moral ideals are mostly inborn, moral competence must develop through learning.

We have developed the Konstanzer Methode der Dilemma-Diskussion (KMDD)® in order to foster moral competence effectively and sustainably. The KMDD has been used in various institutions of education and fields of learning and teaching, not only schools and universities but also in adult education, prisons, clinics, and military training, with young children (age eight an above) and adults.

Many empirical studies have shown that the KMDD is very versatile and its effects are large and sustainable (Lind, 2015; Nowak et al., 2013). Only few sessions of 90 minutes are needed to produce measurable results. However, the KMDD teacher must be well trained in order to use this method effectively and responsibly.

Training and certification programs are offered by Georg Lind in cooperation with various institutions of higher edurcation world-wide (KMDD-Flyer).

A masters program for educating KMDD-Trainers (professors) is in preparation.

Recommended Reading

Lind, G. (2015). Moral ist lehrbar. Wie man moralisch-demokratische Fähigkeiten fördern und damit Gewalt, Betrug und Macht mindern kann. [Morality can be taught. Fostering moral-democratic competence, reducing violence, deceit, and power.] Dritte stark überarbeitete und erweiterte Auflage. Berlin: Logos. Bestellung

Go You can support the English translation of this book through a donation:

Nowak, E., Schrader, D. & Zizek, B., eds. (2013): Educating competencies for democracy. New York: Peter Lang.
Inhaltsangabe und Zusammenfassungen: http://www.uni-konstanz.de/ag-moral/moral/artikel-frei/nowak_et_al_2013.html

Lind, G. (2011). Die Methode der Dilemmadiskussion. In: Brüggen, F., Sander, W. & Igelbrink, Ch,. Hrsg., Basistexte zur Urteilsbildung (Urteils-Bildung, Bd. 2). Münster: LIT-Verlag.

Lind, G. (2011). Moralerziehung. In: Kiel, E. & Zierer, K., Hg: Basiswissen Unterrichtsgestaltung , S. 51 - 62. Baltmannsweiler: Schneider Verlag Hohengehren . ... mehr (Passwort = kohlberg)

Lind, G. (2010). Die Förderung moralisch-demokratischer Kompetenzen mit der Konstanzer Methode der Dilemma-Diskussion (KMDD). In: B. Latzko & T. Malti, Hg., Moralentwicklung und -erziehung in Kindheit und Adoleszenz, S. 285-302 . München: Juventa-Verlag. ... mehr [Passwort = kohlberg]

More reading (click on it!)