Moral-Democratic Competence

As research shows, all people desire to live together in freedom and democracy. Yet, this form of living together demands a lot from each citizen. They must be able to cope with problems and conflicts on the basis of moral principles through deliberation and discussion, instead of through violence, deceit, or bowing down to others.

Someone who could not sufficiently develop moral-democratic competence, feels easily overwhelmed by freedom and democracy, and eventuelly turns against them.

Therefore, we can mantain freedom and democracy only if we give everyone sufficient opportunities to develop their moral-democratic competence. Adequate methods are available. With the Konstanz Methode of Dilemma Discussion (KMDD) and its offspring the Discussion Therater (DT) it is possible to foster this ability effectively without changing existing curricula. However, a thorough training of the teachers are mandatory.

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Yueming Jacky Hou, doctoral student from Guangzhou University, China, is spending the winter term 2018/19 at the University of Konstanz in order to have an exchange with apl. Prof. (em) Dr. Georg Lind on his research topic: Can group sports foster the development of moral competence?

How to Teach Morality" (Logos, Berlin)lind-2016
Download Introduction and Chapter 4 (MCT)

Measuring Moral Competenc, MCT

Fostering Moral Competence, KMDD® and Discussion Theater

Certified KMDD-Teachers

Evaluation of Teaching Methods / ITSE

Refernces: New, MCT, KMDD, Lind



Associations & Conferences

MCT & KMDD blog


Diane Ravitch's blog

Susana Frisancho's blog

More Links

Last update: Nov. 2, 2018 / Past events

KMDD Workshop-Seminars:
How to Foster Moral Competence*

Symposia and Lectures on
Moral competence

blue August 2019 (exact date will be announced in December)
13th International Symposium "Moral Competence: Its Nature, its Relevance, and its Education" and KMDD Workshop in Konstanz (in preparation; please indicate your interest in participation by writing to Georg.Lind (at)

* Please register as early as possible to get all the information.
Please note that the first day of the workshop-seminar is open to all and free of charge.
Inquire here: (georg[dot]Lind[ät]uni-konstanz[dot]de)

blue Nov. 10th, 2018
"Moral Competence -- Its Relevance for Democracy and the Need to Foster It." Presentation at the 44th Annual AME Conference, 10.11.2018, Barcelona.

blue 16. Januar 2019, 19.30 Uhr
"Europa am Scheideweg? Wie können wir die Menschen besser auf eine Zusammenleben in Europa vorbereiten?" Der EU-Abgeordnete Sven Giegold im Gespräch mit apl. Prof. Georg Lind. Ort: vhs Landkreis Konstanz.

blue 31. Januar 2019
Diskussions-Theater "Reden & Zuhören", Leiter: apl. Prof. Dr. Georg Lind. Katholische Hochschulgemeinde Konstanz. (in preparation).

blue August 2019 (exact date will be announced soon)
13th International Symposium "Moral Competence: Its Nature, its Relevance, and its Education" and KMDD Workshop in Konstanz (in preparation; please indicate your interest in participation by writing to Georg.Lind (at) Konstanz river Rhein view:


lind 2017
lind 1985
Ewa Nowak, Dawn Schrader & Boris Zizek, eds.: Educating Competencies for Democracy. Frankfurt: Peter Lang Georg Lind: Moralerziehung auf den Punkt gebracht. [Moral Education in a Nutshell.] Schwalbach: Debus Pädagogik. Georg Lind: La moral puede ensenarse. Mexico: trillas
Mail order: trillas

Georg Lind, Hans A. Hartmann & R. Wakenhut, eds.: Moral Development and the Social Environment. Chicago: Precedent Publ.
Republication2010 by Transaction Publisher.
Also available as Google Books

Kay Hemmerling: Morality Behind Bars. An Intervention Study on Fostering Moral Competence in Prisoners as a New Approach to Social Rehabilitation. Frankfurt: Peter Lang.

© Copypright by Georg Lind. Last revision Oct. 3rd, 2017

® "KMDD Konstanzer Methode der Dilemma-Diskussion" is a registered trademark (WIPO) in order to protect the investment of KMDD students in their training and certification. Trademark no. 1161715

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